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Jean Guyon, Sieur de Buisson

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Suffix  Sieur de Buisson 
Birth  17 Sep 1592  St. Aubin, Tourouvre, Perché, Kingdom of France 
Sex  Male 
Died  30 May 1663  Beauport, Canada, New France 
Person ID  I2720  Default Tree 
Last Modified  11 Jan 2010 
Father  Jacques Jean Guyon, b. 6 Jan 1562, St. Jean de Mortagne, Tourouvre, Perché, Kingdom of France 
Mother  Marie Huet, b. 6 Jan 1566/67, St. Jean de Mortagne, Tourouvre, Perché, Kingdom of France 
Group Sheet  F779  Default Tree 
Family 1  Mathurine Madeleine Dit Boule Robin, b. 1592, St. Jean de Mortagne, Tourouvre, Perché, Kingdom of France 
Married  2 Jun 1615  Kingdom of France 
 1. Barbe-Marie Guyon, b. 19 Apr 1617, Mortagne, Tourouvre, Perché, Kingdom of France
 2. Marie Andrée Guyon, b. 1615, Vendée, Kingdom of France
 3. Jean Dit Dubuisson Guyon, b. 1 Aug 1619, Mortagne, Tourouvre, Perché, Kingdom of France
 4. Simon Guyon, b. 2 Aug 1621, Mortagne, Tourouvre, Perché, Kingdom of France
 5. Marie Madeleine du Buisson Guyon, b. 18 Mar 1624, St. Jean de Mortagne, Tourouvre, Perché, Kingdom of France
 6. Marie Guyon, b. 29 Jan 1627, Tourouvre, Perché, Kingdom of France
 7. Claude Guyon, b. 22 Apr 1629, St. Jean de Mortagne, Tourouvre, Perché, Kingdom of France
 8. Denys Guyon, b. 30 Jun 1630, St. Jean de Mortagne, Tourouvre, Perché, Kingdom of France
 9. Michel Guyon du Rouvray, b. 3 Mar 1634, St. Jean de Mortagne, Tourouvre, Perché, Kingdom of France
 10. Noël Guyon, b. 27 Aug 1638, Ville de Québec, Canada, New France
 11. François Dit Despres-Dion Guyon, b. 7 Dec 1639, Ville de Québec, Canada, New France
Group Sheet  F775  Default Tree 
Notes  Jean Guyon du Buisson, dit Marsolet because of his family's links to Nicolas Marsolet, married Mathurine Robin in 1615 while still in France. His parents were Jacques Guyon and Marie Huet.

In 1634 Jean Guyon was hired as a mason by Robert Giffard and sent to New-France. Jean and Mathurine already had several children, Claude, Marie (dame Francois Belanger), Barbe (dame Pierre Paradis= 4 girls: Marie, Madeleine, Marie-Madeleine & Louise), Francois Guyon dit Despres (who married Madeleine Marsolet, fille de Nicolas Marsolet et Marie LeBarbier), Michel Guyon (du Rouvray) (who married Genevieve Marsolet, Madeleine's sister).

Jean and Mathurine had more children in New-France and their youngest son, Jean inherited the property in Beauport (Chateau Richer).

Jean Guyon du Buisson was born about 18 Sep 1592 in St Aubin, Tourouvre, Mortagne, France. He was christened on 18 Sep 1592 in St Aubin, Tourouvre, Mortagne, France. He died on 30 May 1663 in Beauport, Quebec Co, Que. The Jean Guyon Genealogical work by Louis Guyon indicates the death of Jean as 3 May and not 30 May. He was buried on 31 May 1663 in Beauport, Quebec Co, Que. Jean Guyon came from St. Jean de Mortagne, Perche/Orne in France. This family name has also been recorded as Guion du Buisson and includes dit names such as Dion-Guyon, Dionne, Dion, Dione, Guion du Buisson. Jean was engaged on Mar 12, 1634 by Robert Giffard, Mason, and received an "arriere-fief" in Beauport which was passed down to his son Jean .

On September 29, 1623, "honest man, Jehan Guyon, a mason by trade, living in the parish of St Jean at Mortagne, sold to Marin Louche a house adjoining monsieur de Tourouvre which belongs to said seller d;ue to the estate of the late Jacques Guyon, his father" (Records of the Tourouvre notary.) This is of prime importance for the Guyons: the child born at Tourouvre and Giffard's censitaire, are one and the same person, there are not two Jean Guyons.

By 1626 Jean Guyon, father of Barbe Guyon, was ready to move into a more spacious house, and he purchased one in the parish of Notre Dame de Mortagne. It had two lower chambers with a high chamber and a small study above them and an upstairs over the high chamber. There was also a cellar, a wood house and a courtyard. This house was on the Rue de la Barberye, which extended from the St Denis Gate to the college of Toussaint. It was in this house in the parish of Notre-Dame de Mortagne that, on 11 Feb 1632, there was entered into the marriage contract between Barbe, eldest daughter of Jean Guyon, then not quite 15, and Pierre Paradis, gunsmith, son of the late Jacques Paradis and of Michelle Pesle. Pierre was attended by his mother, his brothers Jacques and Guillaume Paradis, his brother-in-law Francois Lespinay (Godbout calls him LESVERON), carpenter,and his cousin Jean Dupont. As a trousseau, Barbe had half a dozen sheets, half a dozen table cloths, 12 napkins, a feather bed with canopy, curtains, bed clothes and bedstead, an expandable table with two forms, 4 stools, 2 chairs, one small bed, all made of wood, a half dozen porringers and plates with a pot and a pint container, all made of pewter, 2 dishes and cups of pewter, a boiler with it's spoon and cover and a small caldron and frying pan, all made of iron. She was to be given 30 pounds the day of her wedding and 90 pounds one year later. For his part, Pierre Paradis was allowed the usage for 6 years of all the tools and equipment needed for his trade. Jean Guyon and Mathurine Robin had 8 children born at Mortagne between 1617 and 1634. Only the six youngest accompanied them to Canada in the spring of 1634. The oldest, Barbe, followed with her husband Pierre Paradis, and their family, in 1651. Jean Guyon du Buisson and Mathurine Robin were married on 2 Jun 1615 in St Jn de Mortagne, Perche, Orne, France.

Jean Guyon
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Jean Guyon du Buisson, (1592 - 1663), was born in either Saint-Jean-de-Mortagne, Normandy or in Tourouvre, Orne, France in 1592. Guyon was patriarch of "one of the earliest French families to settle in (New France), one of the most numerous in the beginning, one of the most respected and best known."

Guyon made his living as a mason and was regarded as a "master mason of excellent reputation". In 1615, he finished the interior stone staircase of the church Saint-Aubin.

Arrival in New France

Guyon and family emigrated to North America as part of the Percheron Immigration, a small group of families and some single men from the region of Perche, in the province of Normandy, brought over to New France in 1634 to colonize new areas.

Jean de Lauzon, the Governor of New France, awarded a concession of land to Robert Giffard de Moncel, physician to the colony. Giffard, now Seigneurie of Beauport, recruited Guyon and other tradesmen to the new colony with the offer of 1,000 arpents of land with hunting and fishing rights in exchange for three years of service.

Guyon traveled aboard a convoy of four ships under the command of Charles Duplessis-Bochart and arrived in New France in 1634. Guyon was awarded land in newly-established Beauport, one of the oldest European-founded communities in Canada (and now a borough of Quebec City). Under the seigneurial system, he received a rear fief (arrière fief) near rivière du Buisson (river of bushes). He attached its name to his own, Guyon du Buisson.

Guyon lived there until he died in 1663. He built a small mill and helped build the parish church of Québec and the governor's residence.

For nine years, he and Zacharie Cloutier disputed Giffard's seigneural rights to receive foi et hommage (fealty and homage). Refusing to accept him as their superior, they did not stake their lands or pay him annual taxes. On July 19, 1646, the governor of the colony took action to force Cloutier and Guyon to comply with their contractual obligations. Such cases of censitaire refractoriness filled the time of the courts for the duration of the seigneurial system, both during the French regime and under the English.

His eldest son, also named Jean Guyon, married Élisabeth Couillard, granddaughter of Louis Hébert, the first French colonist established with his family in New France. Their wedding was accompanied by the “ two violins...which had not been seen yet in Canada.”

After his death, his heirs engaged in a protracted legal dispute over his lands.


Guyon fathered ten children, eight of whom married, and he is known to be an ancestor of many French Canadians. By 2006, news media noted that at least three out of four pure laine (old stock) French Quebecers descend from him. The descendants are often recognized as Dion, sometimes as Despres, Dumontier, Lemoine and in Louisiana as Derbanne. He has been linked to the family trees of Madonna, Celine Dion, Stéphane Dion and Camilla, Duchess of Cornwall.

By 1730, more than 2,150 births of Guyon descendents had been recorded, according to The First French Canadians: Pioneers in the St. Lawrence Valley. By 1800, Guyon had 9,674 married descendents, the second-most of New France immigrants, according to the Historical Demography Research Program of the Université de Montréal. This study enabled neurological researchers to trace 40 cases of classical Friedreich's ataxia, a rare inherited disease, across 12 generations to 14 previously unrelated French-Canadians kindreds to one common ancestral couple: Guyon and his wife Mathurine Robin. The disease causes progressive damage to the nervous system resulting in symptoms ranging from gait disturbance and speech problems to heart disease. The finding allows for gene chromosomal localization studies that had previously been judged to be almost impossible in rare autosomal recessive disorders.


In 1984, the 350th anniversary of Guyon's arrival, Quebec City named a park after him and a commemorative plaque to honour Guyon was mounted on the church in Beauport by the Association des Dion d'Amérique inc. In 2006, the city renamed a street after him.
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